Tuesday, September 30, 2014

A Pen Portrait

COLUMN: Spouse's Turn

Mercy talks about life with the noted cartoonist CJ Yesudasan

Photo by Mithun Vinod 

By Shevlin Sebastian

Mercy says that she saw CJ Yesudasan when she was two years old, while he was four. Their mothers had brought the children at the same time to the Mavelikara Government Hospital. “But I don't remember it at all,” she says, with a laugh. “My mother told me this.”

Years later, in February, 1966, there was a marriage proposal from the Yesudasan family. By then, Mercy was in Mumbai working as a clerk in the accounts section of the Railways. Yesudasan, on the other hand, was a staff cartoonist for ‘Shankar's Weekly’. 

He travelled from New Delhi to Mumbai to see Mercy. But she did not know that it was a meeting for a marriage. “My sister, Aleyamma, with whom I was staying, said that Yesudasan was just coming on a visit,” says Mercy.

She had been aware of him because she regularly read Yesudasan’s cartoon strip in ‘Shankar’s Weekly’. “I liked it,” says Mercy. During that visit, Mercy remembers what Yesudasan wore: a pink shirt and white trousers. Later, when her mother, a widow, and brothers told her that Yesudasan came from a good family, she agreed to the marriage.

It took place on September 5 at the St. Stephen's Orthodox church at Kattanam. Thereafter, the couple embarked to Delhi. They had a small honeymoon phase, because, within two months, Mercy got pregnant. Meanwhile, they were learning to adjust to each other.  

One evening, Yesudasan went to a party at cartoonist Shankar's house and promised to come back home in time to have a bowl of drumstick soup. But he came late. “I got angry and did not give him the soup,” she says. “I also vowed that I would not serve soup for a year.” Mercy kept her word. But Yesudasan remained serene.

Calmness is one of his strong points,” says Mercy. “He rarely loses his cool. Even with our three sons -- Sanu, Sethu and Suku -- he has always remained calm.”

Other qualities include a high degree of cleanliness. “Yesudasan washes his hands and face several times a day,” says Mercy. “He will have a bath twice a day. When he returns from visits, he will immediately change his clothes. I am also happy that he does not drink or smoke and cares for the family.”

When Sanu was three months old, he was afflicted with meningitis. Consequently, he was rushed to the Safdarjung hospital. For two weeks, injections had to be given at two-hour intervals. “I went through a lot of tension at that time,” says Mercy. “But Yesudasan was beside me throughout. I will never forget his support.”

And Yesudasan will not forget home-maker Mercy’s support which allowed him to concentrate on his career. “Cartooning is his passion,” she says. “I don't have any problems that this is his priority. I want him to continue doing it as much as possible, because it brings joy and satisfaction to him.”

Interestingly, every day when Mercy sees the cartoons, it is nearer to lunch-time, when after finishing the cooking and other jobs, she relaxes by reading the newspapers. “Sometimes I feel a pain when Yesudasan makes fun of somebody,” says Mercy. “I ask him why he has to attack people. He smiles and says, 'I don't think they mind it. It is, after all, a cartoon.' When I see a good cartoon I feel happy and tell him so. I am so proud of my husband. He has done a lot of good work.”

Astonishingly, Yesudasan is in his 59th year of cartooning. This is thanks to a highly disciplined life. He gets up at 6 a.m. Then Yesudasan, 76, reads the Bible. He does a bit of walking inside the house. Then, from 7 a.m. to 9 a.m., he reads a mix of Malayalam and English newspapers, about 14 of them.

After his breakfast, he goes into an Ayurveda massage and oil bath. Yesudasan enters his study at Changampuzha Nagar, Kochi, at 11.30 a.m. It is an ideal location for creativity: the loudest noise is the twitter of birds.

Following lunch, at 2 p.m., he will take a nap. At 3.30 p.m., Yesudasan will go back to the office. And will work till 8 p.m. He sends his cartoons by e-mail to a couple of Malayalam newspapers. It would seem like a perfect life.

However, Yesudasan's one drawback, as a person, is that he is unable to show affection, especially to toddlers. “He was not physically affectionate to our children when they were young, because, by nature, he is an introvert,” says Mercy. “But Yesudasan has love in his heart and gave them whatever they wanted.” 

At their home, the sons, Sethu and Suku look happy, and so does Mercy. When asked for tips for a successful marriage, Mercy says, “It is important for the woman to adjust to the husband. When there is a clash, the woman should compromise first. If the husband has a talent for something, the wife should offer support and encouragement. My husband is my No. 1 priority. I have set aside my interests so that I can serve him. I have been doing this, with pride, for the past 48 years.” 

(The New Indian Express, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram)

Monday, September 29, 2014

God, Gods and Goddesses


Dear Friends, 
Just published my e-book on spirituality. 
Here is the link:
http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00NYFPCFQ

And here is a gist of the contents:

Muslims, Hindus, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, Sikhs, and, not to forget, atheists talk about their religious beliefs, or lack of it, and recount interesting spiritual anecdotes from their lives.

The list includes celebrities like Usha Uthup and Resul Pookutty, writers like UR Anantha Murthy and Jaisree Mishra, Mollywood stars like Jagadish and the late Thilakan, Bhama and Lakshmi Gopalaswamy, religious leaders, senior police offers, tourists, best-selling authors, municipal officials, beauty queens, High Court Judges, teachers, dancers, college students and business magnates.

There are write-ups on visits to Sabarimala, the great Hindu pilgrimage centre in Kerala, apart from the Christian Maramon Convention on the banks of the river Pampa and the celebration of the Hanukkah festival by the tiny Jewish community in Kochi.

There is also a write-up on the tallest mural art (18 ft.) painting of Lord Shiva.

Grave-diggers of three faiths -- Hindus, Christians and Muslims -- talk about their experiences.

Most of the articles appeared in the column, 'Spiritual Matters', of the New Indian Express, Kerala.

My grateful thanks to seniors and colleagues for their support.

Happy Reading!

Monday, September 22, 2014

Spaces in their Togetherness

COLUMN: Spouse's Turn

Poet Bindu Krishnan talks about life with the director KB Venu

By Shevlin Sebastian

Photo by Ajesh Madhav

One day there was a poetry reading at the UC College, Aluva. KB Venu, an English literature student, read out a poem. One girl in the audience, Bindu Krishnan, was taken up with it. A few days later, when Bindu saw Venu in the campus, she went up to him and asked for a copy. Venu said he would give it to her.

But he did not ask me my name or in which year I was studying,” says Bindu. “Because I was an introvert, very few people knew me in the college. So I felt that I would not get it.”

But, to her surprise, a few days later, a hostel mate gave her the poem. A happy Bindu began to chat with Venu now and then. After a while, they developed a habit of writing letters to each other. Slowly, they got close, and fell in love.

So they decided to get married. “Many of our college friends were shocked at the news,” says Bindu. “They had never seen us on the campus, walking together or talking to each other.”

The wedding took place on August 23, 1995, at a small Karthyayani temple at Thrissur. During the wedding, they got a surprise telegram: the post master of Puthenvellikara, Venu's village, and his colleagues wished the couple. “Puthenvellikara is a small village,” says Bindu. “So when hundreds of letters began to arrive, addressed to one person, the postman noticed it.”

For Bindu, her most exciting moment occurred when she went to Puthenvellikara after the marriage. “Venu's house is right next to paddy fields, and there are so many rivers and lagoons,” says Bindu. “It is a beautiful place. I grew up in Thrissur city, so I loved it there.”

Soon after the marriage Venu left for Delhi and joined an English newspaper as a sub-editor, while Bindu did her M. Tech. from Cochin University. Later, Bindu left for Delhi. One-and-a-half years later, they returned to Kerala and Venu joined the Kozhikode branch of the New Indian Express.

Asked to list her husband's qualities, Bindu says, “He is the most positive and optimistic person I have ever known. This has helped me a lot because I am not a positive person. In fact, I get depressed very easily. But Venu keeps me floating.”

Other qualities include supporting Bindu in her career as a poet. “Very few husbands support their wife's literary career,” she says. “But Venu has not only supported me, but he has ensured that my poems have got published.”

As for Venu's drawbacks, Bindu says, “Sometimes, he is not sensitive to what the other person feels. I have to specifically tell him that I am hurting, only then will he become aware.”

Apart from that, both are not good at financial planning. “That is because we are not practical people,” says Bindu. “So we just manage, that is all.”

While Bindu is an assistant professor in the department of physics, Kerala Varma College, Thrissur, Venu is a freelance teacher of film studies at various colleges, as well as a columnist. After a long career in print and TV, when Venu decided to embark on a career in films, Bindu offered unconditional support. “Venu is passionate about films,” she says. “I felt that if somebody is so passionate about something he should do it. After all, we only have one life.”

But there was disappointment in store. Venu's first film, 'August Club', which starred Murali Gopi and Rima Kallingal, did not do well at the box office, and received mixed reviews. “He was upset,” says Bindu. “But I told Venu that many more excellent films will come out of him.”

Apart from being a director, Venu has done small roles in films like 'Oridathoru Puzhayundu', 'Orma Mathram' and 'Pranchiyettam and the Saint'. At this moment Venu is busy writing the script for his next film.

The couple have two children, Yamuna, 14, and Meghna, 9. “Venu is a loving father, but does not get involved in their studies,” says Bindu. “I have to do all the disciplining. But the children are close to both of us and are interested in films.”

Finally, when asked to give tips for a successful marriage, Bindu says, “You should be friends first and then husband and wife. If somebody asks me who is my best friend I always say it is Venu.”

Secondly, the marriage should have space in it. “The poet Kahlil Gibran, in his book, 'The Prophet' said, 'Let there be spaces in your togetherness',” says Bindu. “Husband and wife should have space and freedom. And they should be allowed to keep their individuality.”

Lastly, even though there are quarrels, affection should always be there. “You should not be angry with the person, but with the issue at hand,” says Bindu. “In the end, love will overcome all quarrels.”

(The New Indian Express, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram)

Saturday, September 20, 2014

MLA lauds students for helping accident victim


Photo: (From left) Ron Varghese, Kochi MLA, Dominic Presentation, Arnold Fletcher David and Steven Joe Mammen 

By Shevlin Sebastian 

It was brave of these boys to help a stranger,” says Kochi MLA Dominic Presentation, as he presented mementoes to Arnold Fletcher David, Steven Joe Mammen, and Ron Varghese, who are Class 12 students of the Toc-H School. The event took place at the breakfast function, following the 40th day memorial mass for advocate MP John, 79, at Kochi.

At 7 p.m., on August 6, Arnold, Steven, and Ron were returning from their tuition classes. It was raining, but, suddenly, near the Janatha stop, on the Sahodaran Ayyappan Road, they heard a loud bang. They saw an elderly man had fallen on the ground and was bleeding from a big gash on his forehead. “A car had hit him,” says Arnold.  

Without thinking, the boys rushed towards the victim. There were many bystanders, but nobody stepped forward. They noticed that the man had lost consciousness. So they quickly hailed a passing auto. “We laid him inside the auto,” says Steven. “Then I got in and my friends followed in another auto.” They decided to go to the Indira Gandhi Co-operative Hospital, because it was the nearest.

But the authorities there told Steven that they did not treat head injuries. So John was placed in an ambulance and taken to the Medical Trust hospital. On the way Steven checked the numbers on the mobile phone. The first one was of the driver. The second one was of a person named Bobby. So he called up Bobby who turned out to be the son. “I told Bobby Uncle that the owner of this phone has been hit by a car and that I am on my way to the Medical Trust,” says Steven.

Bobby Mana, a businessman, who lives in Panampilly Nagar, immediately called his friend Xavier, of the Pulickal family, which runs the Trust, and requested for all facilities. At the hospital, John was rushed into the emergency room.

By this time, the shirts and trousers of the boys were drenched with blood and rain, but they felt an inner satisfaction. “For us, John Uncle was a stranger, but we were glad to be of help,” says Ron. A grateful Bobby says, “These boys were the Good Samaritans who helped my father.”

Three days later, the boys read in the newspaper that John had died. And then the coincidences started piling up. Arnold's grandfathers, HJ Lee and Fletcher, had been friends with John. So also was Steven's grandfather, CS Varghese. And Steven's father, Air Force Group Captain Bijo John Mammen, was a classmate of Bobby at the Rajagiri Public School.

A few days later, the students got a call from John’s family. They went and met Bobby's mother. Says Steven: “Mrs. John thanked us and said, 'You did something which no one else did'.” 

(The New Indian Express, Kerala edition)  

Thursday, September 18, 2014

An Intense One Hour


Upendra Namburi’s ‘60 Minutes’ is a racy corporate thriller based in the world of the fast-moving consumer goods industry

By Shevlin Sebastian

After the second bout of extreme passion had subsided, he pushed her away and walked up and down the room, running his fingers through his hair and shaking his head vigorously. He wasn’t sure if he was being disloyal to Nandita or Maithili or both? Or was he lying to himself? This wasn’t like him. This should have been a random meaningless act.

This is an excerpt from Upendra Namburi’s ‘60 Minutes’, a racy corporate thriller based in the world of the fast-moving consumer goods industry.

Agastya, the Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) of BCL is living life in the fast lane. He makes crores of rupees on the stock exchange, is smart and astute, and wins numerous battles for the company, in the marketplace, while, at the same time, he is having an affair with Maithili, a hot and ambitious professional. Agastya is also married to Nandita, and has two children. So he is sailing on several boats at the same time.

BCL is about to launch a premium detergent by the name of Sparkle, but their rival, Spark, led by CMO Sailesh Rao, suddenly decides to launch Velvet, a cheaper detergent, at the same time. The viciousness of the fight between them is a reminder of the real-life battles that have taken place between Pepsi and Coke, Apple and Samsung, Hindustan Lever and Proctor & Gamble.

Globally, there are several such battles,” says Upendra. “Man has a deeply competitive spirit. The wars may no longer take place in Waterloo or Dunkirk. Instead, they occur in the boardrooms. And this competitiveness and rivalry cuts across societies all over the world.”

Upendra has highlighted this conflict through several characters. “These people cannot be restricted to places like Mumbai or Delhi,” says Upendra. “They are universal characters. People drink, take drugs, womanise and go for foreign trips. I think I have underplayed it.”
Among the more interesting characters is Maithili. The 30-something unmarried entrepreneur founded a company and sold it for Rs 30 crore. She has been successful, but is facing challenges on the emotional front.

Maithili is having an affair with Agastya, while she is also living with another man, who beats her up, even as she looks after that person's child. “So, there is a maternal instinct, a physical craving and a need for emotional support,” says Upendra. “If it had been done within matrimony, it would have been considered all right. But society is critical, because she is involved with two people, one of whom is a married man. I don't condone her behaviour. But we are bound by the traditional thinking that all of this should have happened under the umbrella of marriage.”

'60 Minutes’, as the title suggests, is, indeed, just one hour in this corporate battle, that is being portrayed, although alternating chapters have flashbacks going back a couple of years. 

This is Upendra’s second novel. It has been brought out by Westland Publishers and is doing well. His first, ‘31’, was a best-seller.

Upendra is the right person to chronicle the lives of corporate people, because he belongs to that world. For the past 20 years, he has been working in blue-chip companies like Parle Agro, International Best Foods, ICICI Bank and ABN Amro. Today, he is working for a leading financial services company in Gurgaon. But writing has always been close to his heart since childhood. “In fact, I have been a college magazine editor,” he says.

His turning point came when, six years ago, he got an offer to write on business subjects with a leading Mumbai newspaper. Thereafter, he wrote for magazines and blogs. One day, he embarked on ‘31’. Now he is writing a screenplay, based on '31', with the expectation that it will be made into a Hindi film in the future.

Incidentally, '60 Minutes' took a year to write. “There is no particular time to write,” says Upendra. “I go with the flow. I have written in airport lounges, taxis, and at home, as and when time permits.”

But he has a target audience in mind. “They include anyone who is working in corporates, be it small, medium or large companies,” says Upendra. “I feel they will be able to relate to the events in the novel.” 

Meanwhile, every now and then Upendra is invited to give talks to young people about corporate life. “I tell them that once in a while, they should press a refresh button and say, 'Hey, what is most important for me?'” he says. “You have to be careful that in the excitement of having a hot-shot career, you don't lose your integrity.” 

(The New Indian Express, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram) 

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Scenes From a Marriage

COLUMN: Spouse's Turn 

Bina Paul talks about life with the cinematographer/director Venu

Photo by Manu R. Mavelil 

By Shevlin Sebastian

In 1978, when Bina Paul was a student at the Film and Television Institute at Pune, she accompanied a senior by the name of Venu on a documentary shoot in Thane district in Maharashtra. Bina’s role was that of an assistant cameraman.

On the set, Venu got angry with Bina and kept shouting, “Go back. Move forward.”

Bina’s mind was in turmoil. She was thinking, ‘This is the guy I am in love with, but look at the way he is behaving.’

It was not a match made in heaven. They came from different backgrounds: while Bina grew up in Delhi, Venu is a Nair from Kottayam. Nevertheless, there was a mutual love and attraction.

Their first date was at an Irani restaurant in Pune where they bonded over a cup of tea. “It was not a fancy place, like you find today,” says Bina, with a laugh.

When Bina informed her parents, they did not take it seriously. They thought it was an infatuation. “Later, they were worried about whether we would be able to survive in the uncertain world of films,” she says.  

Anyway, the marriage took place on August 26, 1983, at Bina’s home in New Delhi. And there were all sorts of rituals.

Since my mother is a Hindu, we had Hindu rituals,” says Bina. “Then there were Nair rituals. Later, the eminent Paulose Mar Gregorius, of the Orthodox Jacobite church, said prayers.”

The most striking thing for Bina was the informality. “Nowadays people are over-dressed, it is such a formal setting, and they are all standing on stages,” says Bina. “My wedding was so simple. Our friends were telling us what to do, what not to do and everybody was laughing and having a good time. At that time, marriage was not such a big event.”

In fact, Bina wore a cream Banaras brocade saree, with a red border, which her mother had worn at her own wedding.

A couple of days later, the couple boarded a third-class train compartment and went to Kottayam where a reception had been arranged by her in-laws. Thereafter, they settled down at Thiruvananthapuram, and both have had distinctive careers in Mollywood: Venu in cinematography and direction, while Bina is an editor. In June, after a 12-year stint, Bina quit as artistic director of the International Film Festival of Kerala.

Through all their independent activities, the couple remained in love. “Venu is one of the most solid persons I have known,” says Bina. “He is generous, caring and loving. He always puts things in perspective. But he is also critical. Venu is not the type of person who will say good things all the time. That helps you to look at yourself in an objective way. In the initial years, I would get upset, but I knew it was for my good. He is my best critic.”

Venu’s drawback is that he has a short temper. “He gets angry but will go to the next room and come back and would have forgotten what the issue was,” says Bina. “But I would be fuming.”

Another tendency of Venu is to look at the world in black or white. This caused a tempestuous relationship with their daughter, Malavika, who did not like to be imposed upon. “But my daughter understood Venu better when she grew up,” says Bina. “Now they are very close.”

Malavika, 28, who is married to an Englishman, is an Outreach Programme Manager at Cambridge University.

Both Venu and Bina also work together. In Venu’s latest directorial venture, the acclaimed ‘Munnariyippe’, which stars Mammooty and Aparna Gopinath, Bina did the editing.

When I was working on the film, I felt that it would do well,” she says. “Venu was right next to me during the editing. He keeps saying that the only advantage you have if your wife is also the editor of your film is that you can shout at her. And, indeed, there were a lot of shouting sessions. But it was a tightly-shot film. I was hoping people would give the film a chance and they have, and it has done well. And both of us are so happy.”

She did go to the sets a few times, and felt amazed watching Mammooty at work. “He acts with so much of ease,” says Bina. “Mammooty understood the character he was playing so well.

The most amazing aspect of ‘Munnariyippe’ was the stunning and unexpected climax. “Hints were given throughout the film, but you had to watch out for it,” says Bina, with a smile.

When asked for tips for a successful marriage, Bina says, “You must give each other space. At times, you should do things separately, and have your own interests. Only then can you develop as a person. A lot of people feel that the husband and wife should go together everywhere. But, sometimes, a woman likes to go out alone and spend time with her friends.”

But, above all, for a good marriage, you need love. “It is the most important emotion,” says Bina. “So whatever troubles you face, love will help you overcome it.” 

(The New Indian Express, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram)

Monday, September 15, 2014

The Charm of The Countryside

The IT Park at Cherthala, Kerala, attracts many people who are looking for a rural life, with cheap amenities, and no traffic jams or pollution 

Photo by Mithun Vinod

By Shevlin Sebastian

The 35-year-old woman was agitated. At the security office, at the Info Park, at Cherthala, she insisted she wanted to meet the bosses of the companies. But when she was asked for a specific name, she could not provide any. 

At that moment, Anoop Krishnan, the CEO of a Kuwait-based firm, was passing by. The security called him for help. “When I questioned her, she said she worked as a helper in a textile shop and was looking for a similar job at the park,” says Anoop. “I said that you don’t get those types of jobs. It is linked with computers.”

The woman said, “The government had said that we will all be getting jobs in the park.”

Anoop smiles as he recounts the incident at his air-conditioned office at the park. “Initially, many locals did not know what we were doing here,” he says. “But two years later, they are all supportive.”

Anoop was working in Kuwait when he was asked by his company, Webna Web Solutions, to start a development centre for software. “The directors went to the info parks at Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi, but they liked Cherthala the most. It is green, pollution-free, and seemed calm and quiet.”

Anoop also likes the Info Park. “The main advantage is the absence of traffic jams,” he says. “When I was working in Thiruvananthapuram and Bangalore, I would take anywhere between 45 minutes and two hours to get to work. But in Cherthala, I take 10 minutes to come to work, even though I live 10 kms away. The staff also comes on time.”

There are other advantages, too. At his home town of Pathanamthitta, 65 kms away, tomatoes cost Rs 47 per kilo, but at Cherthala they are selling at Rs 28. “Fish and vegetables are also cheaper,” he says.

Even the rents are affordable. You can get a three bedroom house for Rs 3500 per month. There are employees who have hired a two-storey building for Rs 7000. As for Anoop, he is living in a four-bedroom house, and paying a rent of Rs 5000.

The park, set in an area of 60 acres, is an expanse of green. There are all sorts of trees and flowering plants, as well as a lake. “Once you come here, you will feel happy,” says Anoop. “There is a rural charm. The pace is soothing and relaxing.”

The park has food courts, conference halls, discussion rooms and game zones. There is also a110 kV sub-station, a water treatment plant, storage tanks, internal roads and an effluent treatment plant.

The park has been designed for low-cost operations,” says Info Park CEO Hrishikesh Nair. “It has emerged as a sought-after destination for companies from the Middle East.”

One reason for being sought-after is the rural ambience. “Most of the employees have come from places like Dubai, Bangalore and Thiruvananthapuram so that they can live in a natural environment,” says Deepu Krishnan RK, the CEO and director of the Bahrain-based Voyager IT Solutions.

But there are disadvantages. There is no entertainment, to speak of, nor a nightlife. “We enjoy ourselves on the weekends,” says Jaison Kunjukutty, who has relocated from London, where he was working for a mobile company. “We go to Kochi, which is only 30 kms away, and spend a lot of time in the malls, watch films at the multiplexes and have fast food.”

For Rajesh Gowda (name changed), a Kannadiga from Bangalore, language is a problem. “The people don’t understand Hindi or English,” he says. “But since I know a little bit of Tamil, I am managing.”

Food is also a problem. “The Malayalis use coconut in every dish,” he says. “So I make my own food and use sunflower, instead of coconut oil. Nevertheless, I like it here.” 

Deepu is also happy. In the near future, he will be taking a 5,000 sq. ft. office area, from his present 1700 sq. ft. “Our Fakhro group in Bahrain has 47 companies, so we need a lot of backend staff,” he says. “This is just the beginning of good times.” 

(Sunday Magazine, The New Indian Express, South India and Delhi)

Saturday, September 13, 2014

Kochi woman thanks Army and local people for rescue in Kashmir

By Shevlin Sebastian
Amisha Shah, 28, and her mother flew to Srinagar from Kochi on August 31, to enjoy a holiday with relatives from Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Initially, they stayed in a houseboat on Dal Lake and visited all the tourist spots. “All along, it was raining,” she says. “But it was a slight drizzle, and nothing compared to the monsoons in Kerala.”

A couple of days later, they moved to the New Mamta hotel. It was on the evening of September 6 that Srinagar began to get flooded. Soon, the hotel's kitchen, which was located in the basement, got flooded. “Thankfully, there was a CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) office nearby,” says Amisha. “They provided us with tea and coffee, lunch and dinner.”

Amisha and her mother were supposed to return on a 2 p.m. flight on September 8. However, in the morning itself, they were told that it would not be possible to reach the airport since the roads were flooded. But, soon, the news came that the Army was ferrying people to the airport on their helicopters. So, the 13-member group set out on foot for the helipad, which was 7 kms away.

When they reached the helipad, they saw that there were 3000 people waiting in long queues. There were four choppers in service. In one chopper, they could accommodate 25 people including luggage. 100 people were being ferried in one hour. Amisha and her relatives waited the entire day.

At 7 p.m., the service stopped. The Army then told the tourists to settle down in the helipad area, which was the size of two football fields, with forests at one side. “We did not get any food, only water,” says Amisha. “There were no washrooms. People were fainting, and children were crying. There was desperation everywhere. Since we were sleeping in the open, and had only sweaters and shawls, we shivered throughout the night.”

The next morning, the people went to the forest to do their ablutions. Then the Army decided to give preference to senior citizens, women and children. However, Amisha's chance to board the chopper came only in the evening. They were taken to an Air Force base at Srinagar. There, tents had been put up. People could rest and have food – bananas, biscuits, puri and gram. Medical assistance was available, apart from washroom facilities.

In less than an hour, Amisha and her mother got into a 55-seater Air Force aircraft, which took them to Delhi. “It was only when we returned to Kochi that we understood the calamity that has hit Kashmir,” says Amisha. “We are thankful to the Army and the local people for saving us.” 

(The New Indian Express, Kerala edition) 


Friday, September 12, 2014

Master of Many Forms


The low-key but multi-talented Delhi-based artist Gigi Scaria, has a growing international reputation. He is adept at paintings, sculptures, photographs, videos, and installations 

Photos: Gigi Scaria; the installation, 'Elevator from the subcontinent'

By Shevlin Sebastian

You press the button and the lift door opens. When you step in, the door closes by itself. And then you have a surreal experience. On three panels, you can see cars parked close to each other in an underground car park. The lift moves up. Along the way, you see projections of a wall, at some places it is smooth, at other places, there are cracks, holes, and streaks of black cement.

The elevator stops at a floor: you can see the inside of a house. It is a middle-class drawing room, with a sofa and chairs and a television set, placed against a window. It is a still scene, when, suddenly, a bamboo curtain rolls down. You go further up and you continue to see different spaces inside different houses. But mostly, they are living rooms. Some are posh, with flowing curtains and luxurious sofas, with the ubiquitous air conditioner high up on a wall.

This remarkable installation, ‘Elevator from the subcontinent’, was Malayali artist Gigi Scaria's contribution at the Indian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale in 2011. Gigi played the video of the installation during a recent 'Let's Talk' programme organised by the Kochi Muziris Biennale.

I wanted to show the different types of spaces that are there in a city like Delhi,” says Gigi. “There is also a class divide.”

And this divide provokes biased behaviour. Once, on a street, in the suburb of Rohini, Gigi saw a cycle rickshaw driver, inadvertently, obstruct a car coming from behind. The driver stopped his vehicle, stepped out, and slapped the driver. “The cycle driver had no idea why he had been slapped,” says Gigi. “All kinds of weird situations take place in Delhi. I am struggling to understand the city.”

Gigi, who is originally from Kothanalloor, in Kottayam district, went to Delhi in 1995, following his graduation at the College of Fine Arts, Thiruvananthapuram. Thereafter, he did a Masters of Arts at Jamia Millia Islamia. Following that, he embarked on his career as a professional artist. And all along Delhi has played a major role in the evolution of his art, which he has shown through paintings, photographs, sculptures, videos and installations.

The city has been evolving at a rapid pace,” he says. “When the Metro Rail services began, thanks to the elevation of the tracks, I got a view of the city from a different perspective.”

Once when he stepped out at Pul Bangash station and looked through a window, he saw a spire, with a weather vane. So he clicked a photo.

I realised that when you look at the spire, you cannot identify the location,” says Gigi. “This spire was made during the time of the British rule. And, today, it is part of a government school.”

Yes, indeed, the perspective of things and life changes when you look it from a different angle. 

Gigi has done installation work on the banks of the river Yamuna, shot photos of malls, construction sites, as well as crumbling cinema theatres.

And his videos are also striking. One video, 'No Parallel', has two screens next to each other. In the first screen, an archival photo of Mahatma Gandhi is shown. After a few seconds, on the second screen, there is an image of Chinese leader Mao Zedong. Soon, simultaneously, they are seen meeting people, giving speeches, going on marches ('Salt March' for Gandhi and ‘Long March’ for Mao), and interacting with children. In a way, Gigi was showing the similarities, as well as the differences of the two great leaders who had such a huge impact on their respective nations.

One major difference, of course, is that while Gandhi propagated non-violence, Mao used great violence to propel his country into the ill-fated Cultural Revolution (1966-76), which had a calamitous effect on Chinese society.

Imbued with a genuine creative talent, Gigi has attended prestigious residencies at Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies, Biella, Italy, and Seoul, Korea.

In Seoul, Gigi made a series of photographs of South Koreans looking at their mobile phones, while in public spaces, like railway stations. Some lean against walls to see their phone, or while sitting on platform seats. “People are engaged with their cell phones all the time,” says Gigi. “But unlike Indians who are chatting or sending SMSs, South Koreans are busy watching television channels. I wanted to show how the demarcation between the personal and public spaces is no longer there, like in the past. And now, with Facebook, the personal space has entered the public domain.”

Gigi’s paintings have been exhibited in Miami, Budapest, Stockholm, London, New York, Barcelona, Berlin, and Dubai, among other cities. In 2008, his work was shown at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, the first time contemporary Indian art was shown to the Israeli public. 

He was a 2012 University of Melbourne MacGeorge Fellow, and presented an exhibition of video works at the Ian Potter Museum of Art as part of the Melbourne Festival. He has also participated in the Singapore Biennale.  

Not surprisingly, Gigi is expected to make a mark at the upcoming Kochi-Muziris Biennale. 

(The New Indian Express, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram) 

Tuesday, September 09, 2014

To Drink or Not to Drink

The liquor prohibition imposed in Kerala has sparked an animated debate across the state. Some Malayalis weigh in on the issue

By Shevlin Sebastian

Brigadier NV Nair (Retd.) went for his usual walk, at 6.30 a.m., along the service road near Hotel Wyte Fort at Kochi. All of a sudden it started raining. Nair took shelter in front of a toddy shop which was shut. There was a man standing there. After five minutes, the shop opened. Nair watched the man enter the shop. He was served with two bottles of toddy.

This is the state of alcoholism in Kerala,” he says. “Instead of morning tea, some people want liquor, although he appeared fine to me. But maybe his body demanded it.”

Senior airline professional Patrick Xavier has a relative who runs a bar. Every morning, workers will come and knock at the door. They want to drink before they go to work. Most of the workers drink after work, also. “So, they are unable to give much to their family,” says Patrick. “As a result, the women are forced to do menial work.”

However, the desire for a drink has been persistent, despite prohibitions in India during the past. A retired senior Naval officer recalled that when he was a young Lieutenant on the then aircraft carrier, Vikrant, there was a reception for the elite in Chennai. The time given was 19.30. “Believe me, between 19.27 and 19.32, nearly every one, of the 150 guests that were invited, came on board,” says the officer. “I turned to my captain, and said, ‘Sir, the people are punctual.’”

He said, “Young man, they are not punctual, just thirsty.”

Tamil Nadu, along with Bombay, had prohibition, in the 1950s and 60s. Unfortunately, whenever Prohibition has been imposed, it has not worked.  

Many nations have tried this, including the United States,” says IT professional Manoj Kumar. “But what happened was that a lot of people became millionaires because of bootlegging. Today, thanks to the liquor ban in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are laughing because they are going to make a killing. Earlier, Kerala and Pallakad made money because of the Prohibition in Tamil Nadu.”

Patrick Xavier feels that, despite the social problems caused by drinking, Prohibition is an infringement of personal rights. “I should be allowed to go to a bar,” he says. “A state cannot control that. If you are not able to serve liquor in hotels and restaurants, then you will not be able to get tourists to come to Kerala. There are many who like to have a good time and liquor is one of the ways.”

Senior professional Nirmala Lilly, who has more than two decades of experience in the hospitality industry, agrees. "The maximum revenue comes from banquets, where drinks are served, cocktail dinners, and conferences," she says. "For foreigners beer is like mineral water.On the one hand, the government is promoting the tourism industry and on the other, they are causing harm in terms of huge losses for private hotel owners, as well as loss of jobs.”

And she is worried about the negative impact among the 1500 national and international travel agents who will be coming to Kochi to attend the Kerala Travel Mart (September 18-20). 

The future looks grim. “Without the tourism industry, where is the revenue going to come from?” says Patrick. “Taxes will be levied on each and every item that you will buy, because the state needs money for governance. The government has to do a re-think. One suggestion is that liquor could be served from three-star hotels upwards. Only then can the state survive. If you go to places like Goa, you can see numerous small restaurants where liquor is served.”

In the absence of alcohol, people will look for alternatives. “In Mizoram, where alcohol was banned, people went for alternatives like having [cough syrup] Benadryl,” says the Kochi-based professional, Vinu Thomas, who grew up in a town on the border between Assam and Mizoram. “On the Bangladesh border, truck loads of Benadryl were unloaded, because liquor was banned in that area. Then there is Dendrite adhesive. The people burned it because the smell is an intoxicant. Most people remained drunk in Mizoram because of the ban.” 

Some women in Kerala are unhappy about the ban, but for different reasons. “A friend recounted a conversation between two women,” says senior lawyer George Tharakan. “One woman said, 'My husband, who was never at home before 10 p.m., was there at the doorstep at 7.30 p.m. Once he came in, he immediately took the remote and sat in front of the TV, watching the news. And I missed all those serials that would fill up my evenings. The next day I had to call Sushila and ask her about what happened on the shows.” 

Clearly, the ban has provoked animated discussions all over the state. But these are early days. Nobody knows about the long-impact of such a hasty decision. Tragically, the repercussions have begun. KK Lal, 45, an assistant manager at a non-functioning bar in Manjeri, has committed suicide because of financial worries.

(The New Indian Express, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram)